What is the Difference between a Criminal and a Civil Case?

Civil cases are usually those that involve private conflicts between individuals and organizations. And the criminal cases are those that are considered affective to the entirety of society. What are the key differences between the two?

In a civil case, the claimant, called the plaintiff, will file a charge against the defendant because of their failure to carry out a legal responsibility. This is usually the case for violated contracts and such. The court will then order the defendant to fulfill their end of the contract or compensate the plaintiff for the harm done. Sometimes both orders can be given by the court.

In a criminal case is where an individual is accused of a crime. The indictment or information is the formal accusation filed against the defendant. For these, criminal attorney Salt Lake City representatives can either be consulted or employed to handle the defendant’s case during the entire proceeding.

For criminal cases, there are quite a few types of defenses that a criminal attorney Salt Lake City practitioner can take.

• Insanity Defense

lawThis type of defense, though made popular by the mass media, is not commonly used and the chance of it being successful is very slim. This defense argues that the defendant is not in control of their mental faculties at the time when they committed the supposed crime. This simply means that the defendant didn’t know at the time that what they did was wrong. But since in this defense, where there is no question whether that crime did happen, it becomes risky when the jury rejected the insanity plea.

• Affirmative Criminal Defense

This is the type of defense that instead of trying to shoot down every argument that the prosecution says, it accepts some of their evidences. It is given though that the defendant together with their criminal attorney Salt Lake City representative should be able to provide evidences to support their defense as well.

• Abandonment and Withdrawal

This is also called the renunciation. The defendant and their attorney must be able to prove that the accused did intend to commit or be an accomplice to a crime but abandoned or withdrawn from their involvement.

• Coercion and Duress

This defense is an affirmative type where the defendant states that they are made to commit the crime through the use or threat of unlawful force.

• Other Defenses for Criminal Cases

There are other defenses that criminal attorney Salt Lake City practitioner can advise the defendant to invoke. This would include one or a combination of the following:

o Consent: this is where the defendant claims that the victim consented to some of the acts involved in the crime.

o Self Defense: where the defendant was forced to commit criminal actions to protect their person.

o Statute of Limitations: is when the defense states that the time allotted for the prosecution to file charges has passed and have to be dropped.

o Intoxication: this can usually be used to be able to negate an element or factor of the crime.

Collecting Baseball Trading Pins

Trading pins are available in different models and sizes. But, the most popular are the baseball trading pins. These pins are also available in different models and sizes with or without characters on them. You can show your passion for baseball by collecting and wearing these pins. Aside from baseball pins there are lots of sports that have custom pins. These pins are very attractive and some use these pins to show support to their sports heroes. But the most popular and most watched sport worldwide is baseball.

Baseball Trading PinsCollecting baseball trading pins is a great way for making friends with those who have the same passion. You can exchange some new pins with old pins and the most wanted pins with other pins to those who have been collecting these pins for many years. With collecting trading pins you can meet different types of people and you can learn a lot from them.

The Start of Trading Pins

Pins that were created many years back actually cost a lot as compared to the pins manufactured recently. These pins are collectors items and are made of expensive metals. The price of these collectors items may range from $0.5 to $100 depending on how old it is and what it is made of.

At present, these pins are available in different designs, colors and sizes. They are made of less costly materials and you can easily find them on the regular market and online. As a collector, you should know how much the pin will cost and which types of pins have value and which are not.

You don’t have to be rich to be a baseball trading pin collector. However, if you are among those individuals who are into collecting antique trading pins, then you need a lot of money to get those pins.

Trading Your Baseball Pins

Baseball fanatics love to collect baseball pins. In every baseball season, fans collect memorabilia such as autographed baseballs, ticket stubs, and others. But, the most popular item that most baseball fans collect is the baseball trading pins. These pins were traded by players and coaches, and these days it looks like that every little league team have their own custom pin produced. It only means that there are lots of baseball pins to collect and trade.

These pins are available in different styles, with different descriptive terms. Bobble heads, blinkers, danglers, spinners and others are some of the terms that you will find printed on these pins. You get confused with these terms if you are not a pin trader or collector.

Danglers are pins with smaller pin attached to it with jump rings so that the smaller pin dangles beneath the bigger pin. Sliders are designed by forming the bigger pin with a hole or slot and the smaller pin is fixed through the slot so it will slide across the front of the bigger pin.

Bobble head pins are two pins apart. The larger pin is designed as the body of a baseball player and the smaller part of the pin serve as the player’s head and is connected to the bigger pin with a spring so it will bobbles. The spinners are made by connecting small pin through a hole in the bigger pin so that the smaller one can spin around. Blinkers are just what the name suggests, they have built in light that blinks or flashes.

These pins are available in different colors and designs and usually highlight the name of the team. Some pins have glow in the dark features. These baseball trading pins are affordable collector’s item and you can purchase a special collector bag to store and protect your pins.

What is Multilayer PCB Fabrication?

Printed circuit boards, or PCBs, are boardsimprinted with circuit patterns used in particular electronic functions. They are usually made from fiberglass or phenolic materials that are coated with copper and etched to produce the design. PCBs are used to run almost all electrical and electronic devices made by man.

The boards can be single-coated or double-coated on both sides with copper. They can also be made with a number of layers placed on top of one another. This type is called multi-layer PCB fabrication. A multilayer configuration is effective on more intricate circuit designs that are used in modern computers and other special equipment.

Multilayer PCB fabrication can accommodate as much as 14 layers of uniquely designed circuits. But the most commonly used number of layersare only from 6 to 8 due to cost. Each of these layers is set up withpreprogrammedlinks with each other.

Several methods are used in multi-layer PCB fabrication and some are more difficult to implement because of the many chemical processes involved. These are needed to properly connect the different conductor and insulator layers to one another.

f-5The basic process of multilayer fabrication is like this:

• Making the necessary circuit designs of each plate or layer by using a computer-aided design (CAD) software and printing it on a photoresist paper.

• Configuring each individually designed copper-coated plates so that each is revealed or recognized distinctly. This method is also called patterning and can be done in so many ways.

• Creating lead holes or vias that help in interconnecting all the layers. This should be done carefully with the right tools as electronic components are highly sensitive. The holes are then copper-coated as well to create through-holes where the electronic parts are going to be placed or inserted.

• Systematically washing, scrubbing, and drying all the boards or plates before connection. This ensures that no residual copper or fiberglass material is loose on a plate.

• Electroplating the plates with copper to ensure proper electrical connection. Whole walls are formed when all the boards stacked on top of one another. These whole walls are electroplated with an average of 25 microns of copper that ensures excellent conductivity.

• Bonding the boards by laminating them altogether. This is done by subjecting the clamped boards in high temperature and pressure then gradually cooled.

By following this basic procedure of multi-layer PCB fabrication, many of the chemical process can be taken away which results in a simpler work flow.

Multi-layer PCBs are most effective to use in today’s modern electronic devices such as cell phones, smartphones, tablets, and laptops. There are so many advantages to this kind of PCB configuration including:

• The capacity to house a high density of parts which makes it performs more demanding tasks.

• The ability to produce a more compact design which is in step with the latest trends in technology.

• Better quality and durability than single-sided and double-sided configurations because of the processes involved in fabrication.

• Has a faster circuit speed than single-sided and double-sided configurations because of the many signal intersections.

• Convenience in laminating and protecting plenty of electrical pieces at the same time.

• Eliminating the presence of wires when interconnecting two or more single-sided or double-sided PCBs together.

• Greatly reduces signal noise and distortion in devices where it is important such as radios and telephones.

However, some of the drawbacks of using a multi-layer PCB configuration are it is more costly to produce, and even pricier to repair if in case it breaks down. It also has a longer manufacturing period and requires stricter and more meticulous testing methods to ensure quality.

Four reasons why you should buy a safe

You can never be too safe “no pun intended” when protecting your valuables. Nowadays, it is important to keep your important belongings in a safe place where no one else can get them. If you’re practical enough, then it’s time to invest in safes.

What are safes? These TL-15 safesare storages with extra-durable locks to keep away from prying hands. Some safes are not only burglar-proof, but also weatherproof and give protection against natural hazards. An example of safes is TL-15 safes; they provide 15-minute protection against tools used by burglars when attempting to open it. That time is enough to call the police or trigger your burglar alarm. Check out the reasons why you should invest in a safe now.

1. It is important to protect your precious belongings from break-ins. Every year, countless crimes are reported to the police for both commercial and home break-ins. Despite the thoughts of people that only big houses get robbed, statistics prove that more thieves pursue less-secured homes because they are easier to break-in. Avoid the hassle of having to lose your valuables by investing in TL-15 safes to protect them against prying hands. These safes can hold your gun, jewelries and even extra cash.

2. You should keep your investments safe. Many people have decided that buying physical gold and silver is a good way to invest. There are also investments wherein the investors only get a piece of documentation to prove that they own stocks. Now, where do they keep all these investments? According to experts, it is better to keep those investments safely at home rather than putting them in the bank; this is because banks usually have time deposits. If you keep your precious metals and documents at home, you can get them any time and there is no worry that you will lose them. It is important to invest in weatherproof TL-15 safes for these kinds of investments. Keep them in the safe so that you can protect them from fire, water, molds and mildew.

3. Criminals are getting smarter every day. Technology has provided ways for criminals to get sneakier and better in doing their job. Now that internet is accessible everywhere, they can just click on YouTube and look for ways to open safes and house doors easily. Due to the increasing unemployment rate, some people have resorted to evil means to gain money. Protect your assets by investing in heavy and high quality safes to make sure that no one else can get them. The high-end TL-15 safes now have multiple relockers to stump those criminals. Relockers are activated once the main lock of the safe is destroyed. Only very few experts can really get pass these relockers, and it would take them plenty of time to open the safe.

4. Nowadays, even service providers get sneaky on their jobs. It’s hard to trust anyone in the present time. Some of these workers have succumbed to other means of finding a living because of their low wages. If you call a cable operator, electrician or plumber, it’s hard to trust them right away and no one really has the time to monitor them the whole day. To be on the safe side, invest in big TL-15 safes to put all your valuables inside it.

Be smart when you want to protect your belongings. Invest in high quality safes to make sure that your things are safe against burglars, fire, and other natural hazards. No one really wants to regret their decision to be thrifty when danger comes creeping into their houses. Be smart and know the right thing to do.

Author Bio:

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Listening to Your Employees

Who says that engagement is just for couples? Now that business industries face heavy competition, companies will have to be ready to respond to new challenges and new problems that should be resolved instantly.The requirement of having advanced skilled employees should not be the only solution. The employees should be engaged with their work too in order work productively. Work engagement involves the passion, the need, and the attachment of employees to their work. That is where employee engagement survey comes in.

employee engagementBusiness leaders are now becoming very concerned about how to give their employees, customers, and official members of the organization their different needs in a fair, balanced measure. Many organizations find success through identifying their SWOT (Strength, Weakness, Opportunities and Threats) which enable them to use every circumstances, and turn their weaknesses a positive blessing to their business. Some focus into product development, push their employees to sell more through large incentives, and some other strategies to boost sales. Only few of the business establishments look into the very heart of their employees’ performance. Few leaders who chose to use the employee engagement survey got the highest positive results in making the organization run productively and efficiently because they chose to look at the worker’s side, and not only in their pockets.

How can an employer measure the attachment of an employee to his/her work? Should there be a factor to attain passion and attachment to a job? Should an employee be happy with their work to determine engagement? The answer is a big NO. If you look at how happy an employee to his/her job alone, you are looking at the wrong factor. Work satisfaction is not the same as work engagement that seems be the same, but do not be confused. Work satisfaction is measured through scaling of how happy and satisfied an employee is in return to how an employee works, while work engagement is measured through employee engagement survey.

An employee engagement survey is one of the best means to identify the areas where an employee needs improvement and how the company can plan different ways to develop talents.

The process of the survey can be through self-behavioral evaluation or through colleague behavioral evaluation, where an employee evaluates the behavior of his other workmates. Employees learn what they really want to do and what department of the organization they can be more effective. The survey, with the correct questions, will make an employee fully realize how they work. They will independently evaluate themselves how effective they are, what factors affect their quality of work, and what level of attachment they have with their work.

Although it is now very challenging to search for an employee with real attachment to what they do, it is still not hard to point out who works with heart and only works for money. Moreover, employees who start to work for money develops a relationship with their work. They start feeling the need to perform their tasks and recognize how important their job really is.

It is also critical to let the employees evaluate themselves on how engaged they are with their work. Some may evaluate themselves too high, or too low, depending on the employee’s judgment and perception of himself, hence a need to create the employee engagement survey with the correct questions.

Overall, it is indeed necessary to find out what the employees think about themselves, their job, and the company they work for. Shareholders give life to the financial investments; customers give life to the business; and employees can make or break an organization. They define what kind of organization you have. They serve both shareholders and customers, that without their efficient passion and work engagement, an organization is just a structure without a life.

Three words Commit, Engage, Excel capture the essence of employee engagement survey and intent of every engagement and talent management.

Affordable Nike Products at Rockbottomgolf

Nike is still one of the leading brands for sports. In golf, it’s no different. Rockbottomgolf.com offers some of the most affordable Nike golf equipment you can find. The website is known for having the cheapest gears for all your needs in this kind of sport.


Nike Durasport Golf Shoes

Once again, Nike has produced high quality shoes for sports lovers, and they definitely didn’t leave out the golfers. Nike Durasport provides durability, comfort and style. These shoes were made to traverse the field in any weather.

Nike Durasport is water-resistant to keep it intact in wet terrain. It’s made out of Nike’s top-of-the-line material of rubber and leather. And Rockbottomgolf.com offers this series at an insanely low price!

Price: $49.99

Nike 2012 Air Academy Golf Shoes

Complete your Golf equipmentgolf equipment with Nike Air Academy Golf Shoes. This line of Nike golf shoes provides long-lasting and water resistant footwear for your golf games. Made out of full-grain leather, this pair of golf shoes will keep your feet water free when the weather starts to rain.

Rockbottomgolf.com has the cheapest price for this line of Nike golf shoes.

Price: $39.99

Nike 2013 Heritage Golf Shoes

If you’re looking for sporty but stylish golf shoes for your game, the Nike Heritage Golf Shoes is definitely for you. The full-length phylon mid-sole and soft synthetic leather, which are all part of the Nike Power Platform technology, give this series its unique touch.

The Nike Heritage is part of the brand’s premier golf equipment, providing style and substance for the customers. You can wear these anywhere you like, whether on or off the course! Rockbottomgolf.com offers this premium model at an affordable cost.

Price: $59.99


Nike Golf Xtreme Sports IV Stand Bag

Every golfer will need a stand bag for their golf equipment. The Nike Golf Xtreme Sports IV provides the spacious and easy-to-carry bag that will suit your golfing needs.

The stand bag is developed in such a way that it will be both sturdy and light. It consists of 3 full length dividers and 9 functional pockets (zippered) with a water resistant fleece pocket, an apparel pocket, and a scorecard pocket. The bag also has a rain hood to keep it protected during bad weathers.

Nike Golf Xtreme Sports IV delivers the in terms of efficiency and style. This stand bag will assist you with its club spaces and storage.

This premium stand bag is very affordable at Rockbottomgolf.com!

Price: $129.99

Nike Performance Hybrid Stand Bag

This stand bag gives you 9 functional pockets which include insulated cooler pockets, water resistant fleece-lined pockets, apparel storage and more. It also has a 14-way top divider system which gives you lots of space for your putters.

Nike Performance Hybrid is a premier stand bag that offers golfers functionality at its finest.

Price: $229

Golf Clubs:

Nike Golf – VRS Covert Hybrid

If you’re looking for a strong swing, Nike Golf – VRS Covert Hybrid is for you. This club offers high velocity and strength once swung. It’s developed to give more ball-flight due to its high-speed speed back design. It also has the NexCor Face technology to make your shots longer and straighter.

Price: 89.99

Getting the right golf equipment is a must in this game. And Rockbottomgolf.com has tons of Nike products for all the golfers and golf-fans out there. They have the latest and greatest series that the brand can offer. If you think golf will cost you a fortune just to play – think again. Check out more golf goods at Rockbottomgolf.com to get your cheapest clubs, bags, shoes, apparel and many more!

Different Uses Of Outdoor Misters In Businesses And Why To Invest On Them

Outdoor misting fans have been well-known to provide cooling in open-air settings. If you live in a heat stricken area, you most probably have seen these misters around restaurant decks, in a garden party, or right at your neighbour’s porch. Bigger outdoor events such as a town fair or your favourite sports meet also make use of outdoor misting fans to provide patrons with a more enjoyable atmosphere.

Outdoor misting fans efficiently decrease the temperature of the environment by 23 to 30 degrees or about 20 percent through combining a nice breeze with a soothing mist. Compared to indoor types, they generally have bigger fan diameters and more powerful motors to be able to perform to counter heat energy in widely open spaces and directly under the sun.

In industrial settings, cooling may be more than just for comfort. One good example is in farms. Farmers work hard under scorching temperatures during the day. This condition is one of the most hazardous to the farmers’ health as it makes them more predisposed to heat stroke and dehydration.

Installing outdoor misting fans around the work area will prevent these unfortunate events. The device’s ability to cool will help you provide a more pleasant environment for working and will considerably benefit your business in the long run.

Furthermore, in raising livestock, outdoor misting fans come into play to prevent dehydration of the animals and odor build up. Livestock, like humans, may be prone to heat stroke as well. If this happens, you are more likely to end up with wasted investments on growing the animals. You may also use misting fans as a “maintenance tool” to help your animals remain in good condition while transporting them. Setting up misting fans in the vehicle to provide a comfortable temperature will keep them less stressed while on the move.

Besides the most popular function in temperature control, outdoor misting fans are also used in several other ways in businesses such as controlling humidification. In botanical industries, big or small scale, outdoor misters are used to provide the proper level of humidification on plants. A good set up of misting fans eliminates the need for workers to frequently attend to each plant for rehydration. This principle is also applicable for greenhouses; however indoor type devices will suffice to this kind of setting.

Fruits and vegetable stands also make use of misters to keep produce fresh and safe from dehydrating, especially when exposed directly under the sun. But in addition, misting fans can help keep dust in check and insects away. The mist traps the dust particles to refrain from spreading. The water supply for misting may sometimes be replaced with special substances, if necessary, to add more protection for your plants and produce.

In restaurants, misting fans are basically installed to provide guests with more favorable temperatures as they enjoy their food and drinks. However, with just a few configurations and with the addition of some multicolored lighting, they may also be used to create added attraction on your establishment without going over budget. The mists that pass through the lights create a spray of magical fog that automatically adds more to the ambiance of the restaurant. This visual effect does not only invite more guests to come in, but also helps maintain customer satisfaction.

Outdoor misting fans are beneficial in many angles to your home or your business. While the misting systems are proven to be highly effective, you will only get to experience the advantages when they are placed strategically on areas you think need cooling, humidification, dust control, odor reduction, or even a feature of attraction.

Moreover, it is best to match the proper specifications to the type of function you intend the outdoor misters for. This will pay you well when you experience the outcome of performance. They are also built durable and require minimal maintenance which are some of the qualities that make up a good investment. Nevertheless, proper maintenance of each one is important to prolong its service and reliability.

Auramist’s 30” misters are designed specifically for larger areas such as restaurants, factories, and warehouses.

Improving on Conversion Rates with Live Chat Software

When used correctly along with other online customer services, a live chat software can give your prospective customer direct access to help and help you improve on your conversion rates. However, using the program properly and generating enough conversions is not as easy as it looks. For effective usage of live chat, you must abide by a set of important guidelines in improving conversions and creating strong online brand royalty.

Use Analytics

Live chat softwareThe online market is not exactly relegated to the confines of your local area. Depending on what the brand offers, a site may be visited by several international clients who want to know more about the product. Of course, this leads to problems in customer service as the local team might not be able to deal with off-hours queries.

Using search engine analytics, on the other hand, can be taken advantage to determine which pages prospects frequent to, how long they stay in the page and how they got to access the site itself. This gives any business owner the chance to prepare their team of representatives accordingly to answer frequently asked questions (FAQs) and deal with international clients. Fortunately, intelligent live chat software will include several analytics to give the business an idea on how to improve customer service.

Connect to People

The main point with live chat software is that it bridges the gap between brand and customer and will give both parties a chance to directly interact with each other. After all, the software is directly designed to let two individuals engage in a normal and active conversation. This means that using the software should be done properly to improve on live chat software.

Carrying a successful conversation online is not as difficult as one might think. The first thing to keep in mind is to always watch the language. This can be quite difficult in the online customer service due to the fact that both parties do not inherently know each other. Even if one is receiving a barrage on threats and insults, it is necessary to keep calm and find out the caller’s main concern. In time, the client will appreciate the treatment and would return for another transaction (albeit calmer this time).

Another thing to keep in mind is honesty. When dealing with a client’s query or problem, it is very important to give them the assurance that the problem can be solved or the product will work as was advertised in the site. In essence, everything said when using the live chat software should hold a certain ounce of truth so as to gain the client’s trust. If a client is satisfied with the service, then it would also not hurt to instruct him to promote your brand through Social Media.

Provide Support First

The main reason why a lot of chat software was designed in the first place is the fact that the Internet can be a very daunting place to shop. For most first-time shoppers, the experience will leave them confused and frustrated. Online chat allows the business to directly guide a user through the process and subtly influence them to convert into a customer and complete the sales process.

To get the most out of the software, it is necessary to understand how to capitalize on user’s frustrations and needs “Pain points”. Successful retail websites know how to gather these pain points and turn them into sources of profit. Train every representative to accurately answer queries and solve problems within a short amount of time and move on to the next client.

It is also important not to tarry for far too long in a certain client as this can cause the queue of customers to build up, another source of frustration in the online shopping experience. Keep clients and prospects satisfied in the live chat software and one can create an online community of devoted customers.

3 Ways to Get Backlinks for Maximum SEO

Search engine optimization has 3 pillars that always seem to come out. Whether you work on it on your own or you have help, you will need to work within the framework of 3 very important pieces. These are links, text, and code. Without these things working together, you will not be able to gain any sort of traction at all. It’s for that reason that you should look into the following ways to get backlinks and get exposure within search results. If you’re going to chase SEO on a larger scale, you need to look at the generation of links to your page in a whole new way. The following will help you get the right kind of approval, and authority.

Simply Ask Around:

Only you could know your nicheSEO and Backlinks on a deeper level. Sometimes the best way to get noticed is to simply ask others. Search around for pages that you like and are relevant to what you’re doing and ask them to link to you. You’ll be surprised how many independent pages are run by just normal people, and won’t think twice about linking to you, assuming your page is worthwhile. Make sure that you set up a page that isn’t self-serving or pretentious in scope and you may be able to gain some leverage in this arena.

Pay For Them Outright:

Some companies will broker deals for you and allow you to pay someone to link to your page. These text links will be from top ranking pages, and some of them will be directly related to your niche. This is done in a sly manner and something that definitely is worth exploring. Just remember, not all links are good, so be careful with whom you are paying and for what reasons. A good page with high traffic, quality page rank, and not a lot of sponsors is a good option for you. Just remember, it’s hard to gain authority online, so keep that in mind moving forward.

Hire a Professional Company:

For some people, getting backlinks is not as easy as described above. If that’s the case, or you just don’t have time, make sure that you hire a professional SEO company that can provide this service. However, make sure that they don’t implement thousands of links overnight and make sure that they are utilizing top level domain names. You don’t just want links to your page; you need them to come from authority module pages. This requires a bit of effort, so make sure that you’re thinking about that before you pay anyone. If you are getting a lot of links from forums, foreign sites, or pages that have nothing to do with your industry, you will not get the leverage you need within search engines.

In the end, links are important, but they are not the only part of SEO that you need to worry about. There are several different elements to it, and links are just part of a bigger picture that you will need to configure. Take your time, and hire someone if you’re not sure what to do or how to do it best.